How to Plant and Grow Dutch White Clover: A Comprehensive Guide

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  • Dutch White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial legume known for its low-growing habit, making it an excellent choice for lawns, pastures, and ground cover.
  • This plant is highly adaptable, tolerates various soil types, and thrives in different growing zones.
  • This comprehensive guide will provide detailed planting and growing instructions, catering to the variations in growing locations and conditions.

Planting Instructions

Choose the right time

  • For cooler climates (zones 4-6): Plant in early spring or late summer.
  • For warmer climates (zones 7-9): Plant in fall or winter.
  • Optimal soil temperature for germination is between 60°F and 70°F (15°C - 21°C).

Select a suitable location

  • Dutch White Clover prefers full sun to partial shade.
  • Ensure well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0 for the best results.

Prepare the soil

  • Remove weeds and grasses from the planting area.
  • Till the soil to a depth of 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) and mix in a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10.

Sow the seeds

  • Distribute the seeds evenly, using a rate of 6-8 lbs per acre (6-9 grams per 100 square feet) for new plantings.
  • Lightly rake the seeds into the soil, ensuring they are no deeper than 1/4 inch (6 mm).

Water and maintain

  • Keep the soil consistently moist, but not saturated, until germination occurs (usually within 7-14 days).
  • Reduce watering frequency as the plants establish.

Growing Instructions

Mowing and maintenance

  • For lawns: Mow to a height of 2-3 inches (5-7 cm) regularly.
  • For pastures: Allow Dutch White Clover to grow 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) before grazing.


  • Dutch White Clover is a nitrogen-fixing plant, reducing the need for additional nitrogen fertilizers.
  • However, adding phosphorus and potassium annually, based on soil tests, will encourage healthy growth.

Pest and disease management

  • Monitor for pests such as aphids, thrips, and root-knot nematodes.
  • Practice crop rotation to reduce disease pressure, and consider introducing beneficial insects to manage pests.


  • Established plants are moderately drought-tolerant but will benefit from supplemental irrigation during extended dry periods.

Winter care

  • In colder climates (zones 4-6), mulch around the plants with straw or leaves to provide protection during harsh winters.

By following these detailed planting and growing instructions, you can successfully cultivate Dutch White Clover in various growing zones, creating an attractive and functional ground cover or forage crop.