How to Plant and Grow Turnips: A Comprehensive Guide


Planting Instructions

  1. Choose the Right Time: Turnips are a cool-season crop and should be planted in early spring or late summer/early fall. The optimal planting time varies depending on your location and climate.
  2. Select a Suitable Location: Turnips prefer well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0-7.0. Plant in full sun to partial shade.
  3. Prepare the Soil: Loosen the soil to a depth of 6-8 inches and remove any rocks or debris. Mix in compost or aged manure to provide nutrients and improve soil structure.
  4. Sow the Seeds: Plant turnip seeds ΒΌ inch deep and 1-2 inches apart in rows that are 12-18 inches apart. Cover the seeds with soil and water gently.
  5. Thin the Seedlings: Thin the seedlings to 3-6 inches apart once they reach a height of 2-3 inches.

Growing Instructions

  1. Watering: Turnips need consistent moisture to thrive. Water deeply once a week, more often in dry conditions.
  2. Fertilization: Turnips do not require fertilizer if the soil is adequately amended. If necessary, use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring.
  3. Pest and Disease Management: Turnips are generally free from pest and disease issues. Monitor for aphids, flea beetles, and cabbage worms and use integrated pest management techniques as needed.
  4. Harvesting: Turnips are ready to harvest when they are 2-3 inches in diameter. The greens can be harvested when they are 4-6 inches tall. Harvest by pulling the turnips out of the soil by the tops.
  5. Saving Seeds: Allow the turnips to flower and produce seed pods. Harvest the seed pods when they are dry and brown. Store the seeds in a cool, dry place until ready to plant.

By following these detailed planting and growing instructions for turnips, including tips for success and variety-specific instructions, you can easily cultivate this nutritious and versatile vegetable in your garden.